Middle East

The Americas?


Maria G. Chavez

Maria Gabriela Chavez, alternating ambassador of Venezuela to the Organization of United Nations (UN) and daughter of the eternal commander Hugo Chavez called on the Venezuelan people through a letter posted on his Twitter account @ Maby80, to continue defending the achievements achieved in 16 years of revolution.
It also found that the best tribute we can give the people his father is "to remain unscathed in the defense of the Bolivarian Revolution building equality and inclusion."
"Let us as appropriate for that purpose focused on the 'greatest happiness possible' does not change. He wins and be lavish generosity share with the opposite, "he said.
It also called on Venezuelans to "keep dreaming and building the great country that hosts us all", defending the achievements of 16 years of revolution, despite the attacks that have run right against the people, through mechanisms such as economic and media war.
"That these do not constitute dangerous paths leading to the irrationality of violence, intolerance and brake the progress," said Chavez.
In this regard, he recalled that President Chavez "gave us a backpack of love and respect for ethical and moral values" to be added to the aspirations of "democracy revolution and peace in fraternal union" of Venezuelans.
"It is our duty to defend the gains we have achieved so many sacrifices and be together every day to deepen the Bolivarian Revolution and Chavez, based on ethics and morality that left us the example of our beloved commander," said Maria Gabriela Chavez in the letter .

On April 4, 1917 Lenin in Petrograd gave a report on findings of the moment, in a text entitled "Letters on Tactics", first at a meeting of Bolsheviks and then at a meeting of delegates Bolsheviks and Mensheviks, who wanted discuss the unification of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party.

The conclusions of the meetings were publicly discuss the discrepancies, calling for it to a party conference, to be held on April 20, 1917. Letters on Tactics serve as practical tasks of the working class movement, criticized the inability of some leaders who failed to grasp the change of objectives and the insurrectionary strategy to the final outcome.

It is a text that has not aged despite the date, some deny the author, remains valid for the analysis and synthesis as a field in the study of tactics and political situation. The text can not be left to the gnawing criticism of the mice, but the contextualization of the new revolutionary stage.

Letters on Tactics

In letters on tactics, Lenin attaches great importance to the assessment of the political situation, to cover certain times, to include multiple forms of reality, took into account the social contradictions, the power system that gives rise to these contradictions, and the trends they have. So it looks which are determinants which the principal and those who accompany them. The letters begin with the following call: "Marxism demands of us the most accurate, objectively verifiable analysis of the correlation of classes and the specific characteristics of each historical moment. We Bolsheviks have always tried to be faithful to this requirement, arguably mandatory from the point of view of any scientific foundation of politics. "

Lenin's Letters from Afar determines "the peculiarity of the present situation in Russia" as a phase of transition from the first stage of the revolution to the second. Before the revolution these processes of power was in the hands of the tsarist (nobles, feudal landowners. At the head of Nicholas Romanov).


The first stage "is the passage of state power into the hands of the bourgeoisie. The passing of state power to a new class, is the first major feature. How the power of this class end? When a class defeat the other. In the case of the democratic revolution - bourgeois, it is terminated by the democratic dictatorship - revolutionary alliance between the workers and peasants, as correlation and accumulation of forces, a correlation of class. He ran as Lenin said "the formula of ideas to the formula of the realities." For every theory is crystallized when the masses appropriate it. The government in Petrograd is in the hands of the workers and soldiers, there is no violence, "since there is no separate police or army of the people, not bureaucracy that is placed in an omnipotent way above the people."

The basic aim is the emancipation of capital and building a new system to replace capitalism. This neglect arises regarding opportunism. "The movement is everything, the objectives do not matter" (Bernstein).

Political violence

Marxist theory teaches us that the bourgeoisie is not maintained only through political violence, which is the ultimate goal of capital in its relationship with the state and the ruling class of a political sector. But also, to a lack of consciousness, routine, lack of political education as an expression of illiteracy in reading reality, mass disorganization, lack of creativity in aspects of both unit tactical and strategic as often sectarianism of the left itself. "A Marxist to appreciate the point, since it is not possible, but because of the real." Lenin said "it is possible that farmers follow the advice of the petty-bourgeois Socialist Party, influenced by the bourgeoisie and has passed the defencist position, which advises waiting until the Constituent National Assembly, although so far, and whether wants has set the date of convocation! many things are possible, but it is wrong to forget reality. You need to follow a patient and constant work, which is adapted to the practical needs of the masses.

Two Tactics (July 1905), "the revolutionary democratic dictatorship of the proletariat and the peasantry has its past and its future, and around the world. Its past is autocracy, feudalism, monarchy, privileges ... Its future is the struggle against private property, the struggle of the wage worker against the employer the struggle for socialism. " The criticism that is done is to not dwell on the past, we must look at the new time in the course of all his contradictions and trends.

The war is past, is not the only solution to the problems of a society, there are other political solutions to the social and armed conflict. The masses can not be left to the intoxication of false dilemmas, leaving the general spread of epidemic of mass drunkenness (a military solution). The ideological struggle, the battle of ideas, mobilization, mass struggle, the unity of the most advanced, democratic and revolutionary sectors are ways to combat this intoxication. In the childhood disease of leftism in Communism, confirms the phrase "The idea is to win the masses for the transformation of society and they learn from their own experience".


The unit can not simply watch as concrete political institutions called to make this correlation. The unit is to be realized in the whole society to transform. Be creative, taking into account real life, and not clinging to theories of yesterday, only covered in an approximate way the complexity of life. They are joining forces through a programmatic compromise on points where there are agreements. Promote tactical alliances between different forces and simultaneously strategies, objectives forces very close. Lenin cites some words of Mephistopheles, Faust tragedy of Goethe "theory, my friend, is gray; but the tree of life is eternally green. "

Weekly Voz

In three initiatives with the theme "Fight and confidence for a Portugal with a future», Jerónimo de Sousa urged the intensification of the struggle and the strengthening of the Party to all underscore levels "this Portuguese Communist Party has a contribution to make in the future if it is able and will be able to maintain its identity, its design and its ideal in view of the resolution of national problems and not to do favors for anyone. "

The Secretary-General was present Friday in a public session in Evora on Saturday at Dinner-Rally in Rio Maior and on Sunday took part in the lunch-Rally in Aveiras de Cima, Azambuja.

Source: PCP

“The social revolution cannot come about except in the form of an epoch of proletarian civil war against the bourgeoisie in the advanced countries combined with a whole series of democratic and revolutionary movements, including movements of national liberation, in the undeveloped, backward and oppressed nations.”

- V. I. Lenin, from “A Caricature of Marxism and Imperialist Economism,” (1916)
“The dialectics of history is such that small nations, powerless as an independent factor in the struggle against imperialism, play a part as one of the ferments, one of the bacilla, which help the real power against imperialism to come on the scene, namely, the socialist proletariat.”
- V. I. Lenin, from “Discussion on Self-Determination Summed Up,”(1916)

The victory of capitalist-imperialism in the “Cold War,” which was achieved by the triumph of modern revisionism and restoration of capitalism in the former “Socialist Bloc,” and the subversion of the newly emerging Third World countries by “Dollar Diplomacy,” debt manipulation, corruption and military intimidation, has created a condition of reactionary global intercommunalism. As Huey P. Newton explained:
“Marx and Lenin felt, with the information they had, that when the non-state finally came to be a reality, it would be caused or ushered in by the people and by communism. A strange thing happened. The ruling reactionary circle, through the consequence of being imperialists, transformed the world into what we all ‘Reactionary Intercommunalism.’ They laid siege upon all the communities of the world, dominating the institutions to such an extent that the people were not served by the institutions in their own land. The Black Panther Party would like to reverse that trend and lead the people of the world into the age of ‘Revolutionary Intercommunalism.’ This would be the time when the people seize the means of production and distribute the wealth and the technology in an egalitarian way to the many communities of the world.

“We see very little difference in what happens to a community here in North America and what happens to a community in Vietnam. We see very little difference in what happens, even culturally, to a Chinese community in San Francisco and a Chinese community in Hong Kong. We see very little difference in what happens to a Black community in Harlem and a Black community in South America, a Black community in Angola and one in Mozambique. We see very little difference.

“So, what has actually happened, is that the non-state has already been accomplished, but it is reactionary. A community by way of definition is a comprehensive collection of institutions that serve the people who live there. It differs from a nation because a community evolves around a greater structure that we usually call the state, and the state has certain control over the community if the administration represents the people or if the administration happens to be the people’s commissar. It is not so at this time, so there’s still something to be done. I mentioned earlier the ‘negation of the negation,’ I mentioned earlier the necessity for the redistribution of wealth. We think that it is very important to know that as things are in the world today socialism in the United States will never exist. Why? It will not exist because it cannot exist. It cannot at this time exist any place in the world. Socialism would require a socialist state, and if a state does not exist how could socialism exist? So how do we define certain progressive countries such as the People’s Republic of China? How do we describe certain progressive countries, or communities as we call them, as the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea? How do we define certain communities such as North Vietnam and the provisional government in the South? How do we explain these communities if in fact they too cannot claim nationhood? We say this: we say they represent the people’s liberated territory. They represent a community liberated. But that community is not sufficient, it is not satisfied, just as the National Liberation Front is not satisfied with the liberated territory in the South. It is only the groundwork and preparation for the liberation of the world - seizing the wealth from the ruling circle, equal distribution and proportional representation in an intercommunal framework. This is what the Black Panther Party would like to achieve with the help of the power of the people, because without the people nothing can be achieved.”
- Huey P. Newton, “Speech at Boston College,” (1970)

Lenin recognized the inherent “negation of the negation” in the “National Question” as noted by Stalin in “Foundations of Leninism”: "Developing capitalism," says Lenin, "knows two historical tendencies in the national question. First: the awakening of national life and national movements, struggle against all national oppression, creation of national states. Second: development and acceleration of all kinds of intercourse between nations, breakdown of national barriers, creation of the international unity of capital, of economic life in general, of politics, science, etc. Both tendencies are a world-wide law of capitalism. The first predominates at the beginning of its development, the second characterises mature capitalism that is moving towards its transformation into socialist society" (see Vol. XVII, pp. 139-40).

Comrade Stalin elaborated:

“e) the interests of the proletarian movement in the developed countries and of the national liberation movement in the colonies call for the union of these two forms of the revolutionary movement into a common front against the common enemy, against imperialism;
“f) the victory of the working class in the developed countries and the liberation of the oppressed peoples from the yoke of imperialism are impossible without the formation and the consolidation of a common revolutionary front;

“g) the formation of a common revolutionary front is impossible unless the proletariat of the oppressor nations renders direct and determined support to the liberation movement of the oppressed peoples against the imperialism of its "own country," for "no nation can be free if it oppresses other nations" (Engels);
“h) this support implies the upholding defence and implementation of the slogan of the right of nations to secession, to independent existence as states;
“i) unless this slogan is implemented, the union and collaboration of nations within a single world economic system, which is the material basis for the victory of world socialism, cannot be brought about;
“j) this union can only be voluntary, arising on the basis of mutual confidence and fraternal relations among peoples.

“Hence the two sides, the two tendencies in the national question: the tendency towards political emancipation from the shackles of imperialism and towards the formation of an independent national state - a tendency which arose as a consequence of imperialist oppression and colonial exploitation; and the tendency towards closer economic relations among nations, which arose as a result of the formation of the world market and a world economic system.”
- J. V. Stalin, “Foundations of Leninism,” (1953)

Had history unfolded differently, well… but it is idle to speculate. What we must focus on is the World as it

is. What we have is a one-superpower world where capitalist-imperialism is driven to consolidate its global hegemony, and in doing so it is unleashing chaos and anarchy on a grand scale, including the threat of starting a Third World War. It is attempting to bully the new capitalist oligarchies ruling Russia and China into subordination to the dominant trans-national ruling oligarchy of capitalist-imperialism. It seeks monopolistic control over oil and gas and other key resources that power the world economy. Behind the phony “War on Terror” is the naked aggression of capitalist-imperialism striving to consolidate its global domination.
Revolutionary Intercommunalism is both a theory for understanding the changes in the world situation and a strategy for advancing the World Proletarian Socialist Revolution to victory. Understanding that nationalism – even revolutionary nationalism – comes up short in this period, we call ourselves “revolutionary intercommunalists.” Pantherism is revolutionary intercommunalism. It is illuminated by Marxism-Leninism-Maoism and the theoretical and practical contributions of Huey P. Newton and the original Black Panther Party (BPP) and allied formations. To be revolutionary intercommunalists we must base ourselves in the oppressed communities and in a revolutionary way be about building community-based people’s power and revolutionary intercommunal solidarity. This means combining “Serve the People” survival programs in the communities with revolutionary agitation, education and organizing.

In “Black Liberation in the 21st Century: A Revolutionary Reassessment of Black Nationalism” (2010), Kevin “Rashid” Johnson, the Minister of Defense of the New Afrikan Black Panther Party Prison Chapter (NABPP-PC), explains why the “Black Belt Thesis” still adhered to by many “revolutionary nationalist” formations in the U.S. is out of date and hence “idealist.” Moreover, that this is not a bad thing but represents an historic advance propelling the New Afrikan minority in Amerika into a position to play a vanguard role in the World Proletarian Socialist Revolution.

From the 1920’s to today, the internal nation of Black people in the U.S. has transformed from an essentially peasant nation concentrated in the “Black Belt” South to a predominantly proletarian nation dispersed throughout the urban centers of the U.S. “The proletariat,” Comrade Rashid points out, “fundamentally has no country and seeks to create a world without boundaries or nation states. So to the proletariat national liberation is not an end in itself but a stage to pass through on the road to World Communism. It is a stepping stone to greater unity and the ending of all oppression.”

Chairman Mao Tse-tung wrote that, “In the final analysis, national struggle is a matter of class struggle. Among the whites in the United States, it is only the reactionary ruling circles who oppress the Negro people. They can in no way represent the workers, farmers, revolutionary intellectuals and other enlightened persons who comprise the overwhelming majority of the white people. At present, it is the handful of imperialists headed by the United States, and their supporters, the reactionaries in different countries, who are oppressing, committing aggression against and menacing the overwhelming majority of the nations and peoples of the world. We are in the majority and they are in the minority. At most, they make up less than 10 per cent of the 3,000 million population of the world. I am firmly convinced that, with the support of more than 90 per cent of the people of the world, the American Negroes will be victorious in their just struggle. The evil system of colonialism and imperialism arose and throve with the enslavement of Negroes and the trade in Negroes, and it will surely come to its end with the complete emancipation of the black people.” (- Statement Supporting the American Negroes in Their Just Struggle Against Racial Discrimination by U.S. Imperialism (1963))

In 1968, following the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and the uprisings in more than 100 U.S. cities that followed, Chairman Mao reiterated his prediction and proclaimed: “At present, the world revolution has entered a great new era. The struggle of the Black people in the United States for emancipation is a component part of the general struggle of all the people of the world against U.S. imperialism, a component part of the contemporary world revolution.” (- “A New Storm Against Imperialism” (1968)) We are now fully into the “New Era” Mao spoke about. In Comrade Rashid’s words: “We believe that it is the historic destiny of the nation of New Afrikans in Amerika to play a leading role among the oppressed peoples of the World in overthrowing capitalist imperialism and advancing humanity to a higher stage of political-economic organization based on the principles of social justice and equality. Our unique history and position within the ‘Belly of the Beast’ gives us the opportunity to deal the coup de grace to U.S. imperialism. Our long suffering at the hands of white supremacist Amerika gives us a bond with all who have suffered racist and national oppression and enables us to be truly internationalist in outlook.” (- “Black Liberation in the 21st Century: A Revolutionary Reassessment of Black Nationalism” (2010))

By Tom Watts